Closed and Open Syllables
Closed and open syllables are the first syllable types that you’ll teach your students. They are also the most common. A closed syllable is one that has a short vowel and ends with at least one consonant (up, com). An open syllable is one single long vowel (ra, pre).
Here are some reminders when teaching:
- This should be taught at the end of Kindergarten (single syllables). Students should at least be able to identify a closed syllable from an open syllable.
- Use a foam house with a closed syllable on the front to discuss the concept of closed and open syllables. The final consonant should be on the door.
- This should be reviewed in first grade – multisyllabic (or any grade in intervention) and take it a step further with syllabication.
- Use the Syllable Division Posters when you introduce this concept.
- Use the Syllable Division Teacher Guide for safe words to use. This also has sentences for students to apply the skill into decodable text.
- Use the Blue Flip Chart to follow steps to syllabication.
- Model for students first.
- Write words on strips of paper. Walk through the steps to divide the word into two syllables.
- Use a highlighter to draw the syllable wall. Label each syllable.
- Literally split the paper into two syllables. Then read each syllable. Put it together to read the word.
- Provide lots of practice opportunities for students
- Teach both the VC/CV and V/CV patterns.
- When a vowel comes up in the visual part of the Three-Part Drill, use a bent (left) arm to indicate a closed syllable. Use an extended arm to indicate an open syllable.
- Remember to remove the final consonant on the blending board to practice open syllables!
- Use a Rapid Word Chart with the most common closed and open syllables (IOG or masters section) for students to practice automaticity.
- Include nonsense words to solidify the process
Use IOG to develop mini houses to have students practice this concept.