Teaching a New Concept: Direct Instruction
The key component in Orton-Gillingham or any Structured LiteracyTM methodology is direct instruction. Instruction should be explicit, systematic, sequential, and multi-sensory. This begins with directly teaching students new concepts. There is a routine that is followed on a regular basis. Students are never guessing, but rather teachers are instructing students directly. Using your Blue Flip Chart, follow the steps for “Teaching A New Concept.”
Here are some reminders:
- There are two parts to Teaching a New Concept:
- The Multi-Sensory Experience where you make connections with students by teaching, modeling and practicing.
- Application of the New Concept is where students put what they learned into writing words and sentences. Word dictation can begin after students know the first four letters: m, a, l, o. Sentence dictation can begin after students know the first nine concepts: m, a, l, o, h, g, c, d, t.
- Follow the steps on the Blue Flip Chart. However, if you need more of an explanation of the steps, read the Comprehensive Orton-Gillingham Plus Teacher Training Manual under “Teaching a New Concept.”
- For general education, grade-appropriate new content is typically taught 1x per week. However, up to two concepts per week can be taught depending on the ability of your class.
- For intervention, assessment scores and students’ ability will drive teacher instruction. “You go as fast as you can and as slowly as you must!” -Anna Gillingham For older students, you may be teaching multiple concepts in one week. For other students, you may need to extend the concept into a second week. Use the Tiers of RTI as a guide: